Brain and Dyslexia

    Brain and Dyslexia

    Written by Dr. Nadya Klimenko, PsyD

    eading is a very complex task many of us take for granted.

    It takes a lot of work for our brain to encode, process, organize, and interpret the incoming information. Due to important developments in neuroscience and technology we are now able to learn about the key learning centers in the brain and identify the areas and neural pathways the brain uses for reading. We now know that our brain has specialized pathways for learning letters, sounds, and eventually learning to read. It is almost magical yet a very complex process.

     

    A child’s early development and language acquisition play important role, of course.

     

    The sounds we encounter in our environment as infants begin to impact the brain’s learning and future language development. Nursery rhymes and sounds help a baby form and create phonemic awareness, the rules of rhyming and language. This is why we encourage parents and caregivers to read, sing, read nursery rhymes with children as early as possible, to help them recognize and establish brain pathways so critical to phonemic awareness and later reading. The brain begins to learn the depth of phonological awareness, decoding sounds and phonemic discrimination. However, sometimes children need extra help because such difficulties as dyslexia do have a genetic component.

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    Learning to read is not straightforward for many children.

    Especially, since English language has many complex rules and words that do not follow specific rules, such as sight words. Difficulties with phonemic awareness can lead to major misunderstandings when reading and change the meaning of the sentence for a child with dyslexia. This creates further difficulties with communication and reading comprehension at school. Especially, when the academic demands increase.

    Therefore, some children who struggle with learning to read and even children who are simply learning to read can benefit and build stronger skills with specialized programs, such as the Language-Tune-Up Kit (LTK). The LTK program helps improve the necessary skills by teaching phonemic awareness, letters and sounds, reading fluency and comprehension. Research shows that repetitive practice helps improve reading skills, and LTK provides many lessons for practice and repetition.

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    Moreover, LTK provides training to various areas of the brain to help structure the reading pathways through auditory, visual, and tactile-kinesthetic practice. This in turn, strengthens the development and connection between auditory, visual, and cognitive pathways. We know that our brain works best when it is properly integrated, it works best when various pathways are activated.

    Our brains are complex networks, this is why it is important to integrate and improve on various areas. Early intervention and remediation for children with dyslexia helps to build new connections and strengthens the neural pathways in the brain. This helps children in so many profound ways ranging from improvements in reading and comprehension to significant increase in self-esteem and their desire to learn.

    LTK – helps your children improve their educational pathway!

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